6.6.1 Femur, proximal

AO Surgery Reference
Videos
Webinars
Lectures
Teaching Videos
ICUC cases
References
  1. Eastell R et al. (Proc Nutr Soc. 2002;61(2):173–180).
  2. Lawrence TM et al. (J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2010;92(2):258–261).
  3. Haubro M et al. (Injury. 2015;46(8):1557–1561).
  4. Zielinski SM et al. (Int Orthop. 2013;37(7):1327–1334).
  5. Pauwels F. (Z Orthop Chir. 1935;6:(Suppl 3). German).
  6. Swiontkowski MF. (J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1994;76(1):129–138).
  7. Philpott M et al. (Trauma. 2014;16(1):9–17).
  8. Pipkin G. (J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1957;39-a(5):1027–1042 passim).
  9. Parker MJ et al. (Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010(9):Cd000093).
  10. Mittal R et al. (J Clin Orthop Trauma. 2012;3(1):15–23).
  11. Baumgärtner MR et al. (J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995;77(7):1058–1064).
  12. Tawari AA et al. (J Orthop Trauma. 2015;29 Suppl 4:S4–9).
  13. NICE Guidelines. Accessed 2015.
  14. Zhao Y et al. (PLoS One. 2014;9(5):e98071).
  15. Yang B et al. (Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2015;25(3):425–433).
  16. Florschutz AV et al. (J Orthop Trauma. 2015;29(3):121–129).
  17. Handoll HH et al. (Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008;(3):CD000337).
  18. Bonnaire F et al. (Chirurg 2012;83(10):882–891).
  19. Wirtz C et al. (Injury. 2013;44(6):751–756).
  20. Haidukewych GJ. (Instr Course Lect. 2010;59:503‒509).
  21. Gupta RK et al. (Indian J Orthop. 2012;46 (6):640–645).
  22. Adam P. (Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2014;100(1 Suppl):S75–83).
  23. Massè A et al. (Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2015;473(12):3744–3751).
  24. Mostafa MF et al. (Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2014;134(5):637–644).
  25. Sathiyakumar V et al. (Injury. 2015;46(4):703–708).
  26. Moppett IK et al. (Br J Anaesth. 2012;109(4):546–550).
  27. Marecek GS et al. (JBJS Rev. 2015;3(11)).
  28. Dolatowski F et al. (J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2019; 101:136-144).
  29. Richard J et al. (J Orthop Trauma. 2020; 34;42-48).
Suggested reading
  1. Fixation using Alternative Implants for the Treatment of Hip fractures (FAITH) Investigators. Fracture fixation in the operative management of hip fractures (FAITH): an international, multicentre, randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2017;389:1519-1527.
  2. Moerman S, Mathijssen NMC, Niesten DD, et al.. More complications in uncemented compared to cemented hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures: a randomized controlled trial of 201 patients, with one year follow-up. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017;18:169.
  3. Swart E, Roulette P, Leas D, Bozic KJ, Karunakar M. ORIF or arthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures in patients younger than 65 years old: an economic decision analysis. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 2017;99-A:65-75.
  4. Franklin N, Ali A, Hurley R, et al. Outcomes of early surgical intervention in geriatric proximal femur fractures among patients receiving direct oral anticoagulation. J Orthop Trauma 2018;32(6):269-275.
  5. Davidson A, Silver N, Cohen D, et al. Justifying CT prior to MRI in cases of suspected occult hip fracture. A proposed diagnostic protocol. Injury. 2020 Sep 30;S0020-1383(20)30798-1.
  6. Ekhtiari S, Gormley J, Axelrod DE, et al. Total Hip Arthroplasty Versus Hemiarthroplasty for Displaced Femoral Neck Fracture: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2020 Sep 16;102(18):1638–1645.
  7. Koerner M, Westberg J, Martin J et al. Patient reported outcomes of Femoral Head Fractures with a minimum 10 year follow-up. JOT 34 p621-625, 2020.
  8. Kumar P, Rajnish RK, Sharma S, et al. Proximal femoral nailing is superior to hemiarthroplasty in AO/OTA A2 and A3 intertrochanteric femur fractures in the elderly: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Int Orthop. 2020 Apr;44(4):623–633.
  9. Nikolaou VS, Masouros P, Floros T, Chronopoulos E, Skertsou M, Babis GC. Single dose of tranexamic acid effectively reduces blood loss and transfusion rates in elderly patients undergoing surgery for hip fracture: a randomized controlled trial. Bone Joint J. 2021;103-B(3):442-448. doi:10.1302/0301-620X.103B3.BJJ-2020-1288.R1
  10. Tang X, Wang D, Liu Y, et al. The comparison between total hip arthroplasty and hemiarthroplasty in patients with femoral neck fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis based on 25 randomized controlled trials. J Orthop Surg Res. 2020 Dec 10;15(1):596.
  11. Collinge CA, Finlay A, Rodriguez-Buitrago A, et al. Treatment Failure in Femoral Neck Fractures in Adults Less Than 50 Years of Age: Analysis of 492 Patients Repaired at 26 North American Trauma Centers. J Orthop Trauma. 2022;36(6):271-279. doi:10.1097/BOT.0000000000002355
  12. Rönnquist SS, Lagergren J, Viberg B, et al. Rate of conversion to secondary arthroplasty after femoral neck fractures in 796 younger patients treated with internal fixation: a Swedish national register-based study. Acta Orthop. 2022;93:547-553. Published 2022 Jun 14. doi:10.2340/17453674.2022.3038

AO Principles of Fracture Management is an essential resource for orthopedic trauma surgeons and residents in these specialties. The third edition of the book has been fully updated and extended to describe the latest techniques and covers the complete content of the AO Principles Course of today.

Order the book here.