6.9 Malleoli

AO Surgery Reference
Teaching Videos
ICUC cases
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  5. Weber BG. Die Verletzungen des oberen Sprunggelenkes.Huber Verlag; 1972. (In German)
  6. Bauer M et al. (Clin Orthop Relat Res;(1985)(199):17–27).
  7. Kristensen KD et al. (Acta Orthop Scand.1985;56(2):107–109).
  8. McConnell T et al. (J Bone Joint Surg Am.2004;86(10):2171-2178).
  9. Caschman J et al. (J Orthop Trauma. 2004;18(9):596–601).
  10. Hoelsbrekken SE et al. (J Orthop Trauma. 2013;27(11):633–637).
  11. Buckley R. (J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005;87(2):465).
  12. Gardner MJ et al. (Foot Ankle Int. 2006;27(10):788–792).
  13. Lehtonen H et al. (J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2003;85(2):205–211).
  14. Srinivasan CM et al. (Injury. 2001;32(7):559–563).
  15. Lui TH et al. (Arthroscopy. 2005; 21(11):1370).
  16. Koenig SJ et al. (J rthop Trauma. 2015 Jan 29)).
  17. Scolaro J et al. (J Bone Joint Surg Rev. 2014;2(12):e4).
  18. Jones C et al. (J Bone Joint Surg Rev. 2015;3(10):e1).
  19. Belcher GL et al. (J Orthop Trauma. 1997;11(2):106–109).
  20. Ponzer S et al. (J Orthop Trauma. 1999;13(5):363–368).
  21. Bhandari M et al. (J Orthop Trauma. 2004;18(6):338–345).
  22. Obremskey WT et al. (J Orthop Trauma. 2002;16(1):30–33).
  23. Willett K et al. (JAMA. 2016;316(14): 1455–1463).
  24. Rohner-Spengler M et al. (J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014;96:1263–71).
  25. Solan MC et al. (The Bone and Joint Journal. 2017; 99B(11); 1413-19).
  26. Blom RP et al. (Bone Joint J. 2020;102-B(9):1229-1241).
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Suggested Reading
  1. Andersen MR , Frihagen F , Hellund JC , Madsen JE , Figved W . Randomized trial comparing suture button with single syndesmotic screw for syndesmosis injury. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 2018;100-A:2-12.
  2. White T. O., Bugler K. E., Appleton P., Will† E., McQueen M. M., Court-Brown C. M. A prospective randomised controlled trial of the fibular nail versus standard open reduction and internal fixation for fixation of ankle fractures in elderly patients. Bone & Joint Journal Volume 98-B, Issue 901 Sep 2016.
  3. Georgiannos D, Lampridis V, Bisbinas I. Fragility fractures of the ankle in the elderly: Open reduction and internal fixation versus tibio-talo-calcaneal nailing: Short-term results of a prospective randomized-controlled study. Injury. 2017;48(2):519-524. doi:10.1016/j.injury.2016.11.017.
  4. Kubik JF, Rollick NC, Bear J, et al. Assessment of malreduction standards for the syndesmosis in bilateral CT scans of uninjured ankles. Bone Joint J. 2021;103-B(1):178-183. doi:10.1302/0301-620X.103B1.BJJ-2020-0844.R1.
  5. Myhrvold SB, Brouwer EF, Andresen TKM, et al. Nonoperative or Surgical Treatment of Acute Achilles' Tendon Rupture. N Engl J Med. 2022;386(15):1409-1420. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2108447 
  6. Gugala Z, Lindsey R. Removal Versus Retention of Orthopaedic Trauma Implants. Orthopaedic Knowledge Online Journal. 2015; 13. 1-20.
  7. Bartoníček J, Rammelt S, Tuček M. Maisonneuve Fractures of the Ankle: A Critical Analysis Review. JBJS Rev. 2022;10(2):10.2106/JBJS.RVW.21.00160. Published 2022 Feb 21. doi:10.2106/JBJS.RVW.21.00160

AO Principles of Fracture Management is an essential resource for orthopedic trauma surgeons and residents in these specialties. The third edition of the book has been fully updated and extended to describe the latest techniques and covers the complete content of the AO Principles Course of today.

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